Drogba was recognised by Ligue 1 on Saturday after collecting 51 per cent of the 40,094 votes cast by fans on social media.
He spent two-and-a-half years in the French top-flight and played for Guingamp between 2001 and 2003 before moving to Marseille where he spent a season.
The two-time African Player of the Year scored 39 goals in 81 Ligue 1 games – 20 goals at Guingamp and 19 efforts at Marseille while Ibrahimovic scored 113 goals in 122 Ligue 1 matches between 2012 and 2016 at PSG.
On his run to the final stage, Drogba saw off competition from Fernando Morientes, Alexander Frei, Karim Benzema and Pauleta.
The former Ivory Coast forward reacted to the recognition by appreciating the fans and his former clubs for the opportunities he was given.
“Wow what recognition from the fans, thank you Guingamp and Marseille for allowing me to experience these incredible emotions,” he tweeted.
“Great respect to all strikers who have played in the French championship.”
Drogba arrived Guingamp from Le Mans in the second half of the 2001-02 campaign, and he helped the club maintain their top-flight status with three goals in 11 games.
Bravo vous avez gagné !
Vous avez été élu meilleur attaquant des 20 dernières années de Ligue 1 Conforama par les fans ! 👏
Waaaw quelle reconnaissance de la part des fans, merci @EAGuingamp @OM_Officiel de m’avoir permît de vivre ces émotions indélébiles pic.twitter.com/0PBj3sajrU
— Didier Drogba (@didierdrogba) May 9, 2020
The following campaign, the Ivorian helped Guingamp to seventh on the top-flight table, a record league finish with a return of 17 goals in 34 league appearances.
His goal scoring exploits attracted interest from Marseille who later signed him for £3.3 million.
During his debut campaign with the Olympians, 25-year-old Drogba returned 19 goals in 35 league matches and he also guided them to the Uefa Cup final where they bowed to a 2-0 loss against Valencia.
He spent only a season in the French city before Chelsea shell out a club-record fee of £24 million to sign him in the summer of 2004.
Drogba enjoyed tremendous success at Chelsea, winning several individual and team honours including four FA Cups, four Premier League titles and the Uefa Champions League in 2012.